Explore the Human Development Data

Published in a data story on the freedom index here.

Choose indicators of interest and hover over the graphs for more info.



  • If you are like us, you might wonder how come that Paraguay has a value of 147% for renewable resources as a fraction of the total energy supply. Apparently, with an estimated reserve of 56,000MW, Paraguay has one of the highest hydroelectric power potentials per capita in the world. In a typical year the country generates approximately 51.3 billion kWh of electricity and consumes just 3.5 billion kWh. On the Parana River, Brazil and Paraguay have built the Itaipu Dam, the 2nd largest hydropower facility in the world. The installed capacity of the facility is 14 GW. Hydro energy (71.9%) represents by far the most important RE source to the extent that Paraguay can export 30% of hydro energy (see this link for more info).

  • If you wonder why fresh water withdrawals percentages for middle-east countries are higher than 100%, here is the explanation from the worldbank (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ER.H2O.FWTL.K3): "Annual freshwater withdrawals refer to total water withdrawals, not counting evaporation losses from storage basins. Withdrawals also include water from desalination plants in countries where they are a significant source. Withdrawals can exceed 100 percent of total renewable resources where extraction from nonrenewable aquifers or desalination plants is considerable or where there is significant water reuse. Withdrawals for agriculture and industry are total withdrawals for irrigation and livestock production and for direct industrial use (including withdrawals for cooling thermoelectric plants). Withdrawals for domestic uses include drinking water, municipal use or supply, and use for public services, commercial establishments, and homes."

  • Between 1990 and 2000, Iceland gained an average of 1,300 hectares of forest per year. The amounts to an average annual reforestation rate of 5.20%. Between 2000 and 2005, the rate of forest change decreased by 19.0% to 4.21% per annum. In total, between 1990 and 2005, Iceland gained 84.0% of its forest cover, or around 21,000 hectares. [Source: http://rainforests.mongabay.com]

Indicator Explanations:

  • Human Development Index (HDI) (for 2013): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human developmentā€”a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 (http://hdr.undp.org/en) for details on how the HDI is calculated. Source: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2013a), Barro and Lee (2013), UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013), UN Statistics Division(2014), World Bank (2014) and IMF (2014).

  • GDP per capita (for 2012, in million USD): GDP in a particular period divided by the total population for the same period. Source: World Bank (2014).

    Gross domestic product (GDP): Sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products, expressed in 2005 international dollars using purchasing power parity rates.

  • Freedom of choice satisfaction (for 2007-2012): Percentage of respondents answering "satisfied" to the Gallup World Poll question, "In this country, are you satisfied or dissatisfied with your freedom to choose what you do with your life?". Source: Gallup (2013).

  • Fossil fuels (for 2012 or the most recent year available): Percentage of total energy supply that comes from natural resources formed from biomass in the geological past (such as coal, oil and natural gas). Source: HDRO calculations based on data on total primary energy supply from World Bank (2013a).

  • Renewable energy sources (for 2012 or the most recent year available): Percentage of total energy supply that comes from constantly replenished natural processes, including solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, hydropower and ocean resources, and some waste. Excludes nuclear energy. Source: HDRO calculations based on data on total primary energy supply from World Bank (2013a).

  • Carbon dioxide emmissions per capita (for 2010, in tonnes): Human-originated carbon dioxide emissions stemming from the burning of fossil fuels, gas flaring and the production of cement, divided by midyear population. Includes carbon dioxide emitted by forest biomass through depletion of forest areas. Source: World Bank (2013a).

  • Carbon dioxide emmissions average annual growth (for 1970/2010, in %): Average annual carbon dioxide emmissions growth for the period specified. Source: World Bank (2013a).

  • Natural resource depletion (for the most recent year available during 2010-2012, in % of GNI): Monetary expression of energy, mineral and forest depletion, expressed as a percentage of total gross national income (GNI). Source: HDRO calculations based on World Bank (2013a).

    Gross National Income (GNI): Total domestic and foreign output claimed by residents of a country, consisting of gross domestic product (GDP) plus factor incomes earned by foreign residents, minus income earned in the domestic economy by nonresidents (Todaro & Smith, 2011: 44).

  • Forest Area (for 2011, as % of total land area): Land spanning more than 0.5 hectare with trees taller than 5 metres and a canopy cover of more. Source: World Bank (2013a).

  • Forest Area (for 1990/2011, as % change): Percentage of forest area change for the period specified. Source: HDRO calculations based on data on forest and total land area from World Bank (2013a)

  • Fresh water withdrawals (for the most recent year available during 2007-2011, in %): Total fresh water withdrawn, expressed as a percentage of total renewable water resources. Source: FAO (2013b).