Predicting wind energy output
Wind farms are a key source of renewable energy. Timely and reliable prediction of wind energy output is critical for evaluating investment decisions for building new farms and for energy load balancing when coordinating production of traditional power plants and weather-dependent sites.
The increasing availability of weather data and more accurate weather forecasts in recent years motivated us to look for patterns and dependencies between weather features and wind energy outputs.
The goal we set
How can we estimate wind energy yield based on weather forecast data?
What we did?
We analyzed several months of data from an Australian wind farm together with the publicly available weather data measured at the same location. Robust predictive models helped us iteratively identify the MINIMAL LIST OF WEATHER FEATURES impacting the energy output.
Initially 16 features were used to predict energy output, out of which ONLY TWO FEATURES (the wind gust and the dew point) were identified as key drivers. We also quantified each of these factors’ contribution to the accuracy of predictions.
We developed predictive models using the data from October 2010 to June 2011, but the predictions were tested on data collected in July 2011, which is an entirely unseen season. The results showed a very good prediction accuracy (of 12% on rooted mean squared error) and allowed to forecast yields for the entire year from weather data, identifying worst and best-case scenarios.
The impact we created
With a reliable way to forecast wind energy output, energy suppliers can now coordinate the collaborative production of different energy sources more efficiently and avoid costly overproduction.
Ekaterina Vladislavleva, Tobias Friedrich, Frank Neumann, Markus Wagner: Renewable Energy Journal, 2013, vol 50, p.236-243 Predicting the energy output of wind farms based on weather data: Important variables and their correlation.